Short Tailed Fruit Bat

Scientific Name: 
Carollia perspicillata (kah-ROLL-ee-ah per-SPICK-ee-la-tah)
Bat Habitat Range
Range: 
From southern Mexico to Paraguay and South-eastern Brazil, Trinidad, Tobago, and Grenada
Habitat: 
Moist tropical evergreen and dry deciduous forests, savannah, also adapts to disturbed areas.
Size: 
Wingspan: 25 cm (about 6 in.)
Lifespan: 
Average life expectancy in the wild2.6 yrs. oldest captive individual lived to be 12 years old.
Diet: 
Carollias are omnivores, consuming primarily fruit but also insects and nectar.
Reproduction: 
Year-round but two main periods which coincide with peak fruit productions. Gestation is 115-120 days and a single infant is usually produced. Nearly two-thirds of C. perspicillata born are males, however a higher mortality rate keeps the ratio of males to females at about 1:1. Young are nursed by their attentive mother every 15 minutes!
Behavior: 
A nose is for smelling except… when you’re a leaf-nosed bat. Scientists believe it plays a role in projection of echolocation calls, which are emitted through the nose in some species. The short-tailed fruit bat can enter a state of torpor when there is not enough food.
Roost: 
Roost in caves, hollow trees, tunnels, and less commonly in rocks, under leaves and in buildings in groups of 10-100 (can be much larger). Adult females form tight clusters, usually of 2 to18, with one male who fends off other males.
Conservation Status: 
Most common bat in areas where it is located.
At OBC: 
The short-tailed fruit bats at OBC came from the National Zoo in Washington D.C.

Printable Information: 
© 2012 Organization for Bat Conservation
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