Southern or Common Two-Toed Sloth

Scientific Name: 
Choloepus didactylus (koe-LOPE-us die-DAH-til-us)
Bat Habitat Range
Range: 
Central America, from Niagara south to Brazil and on most islands of the West Indies.
Habitat: 
Strictly arboreal, stays high in the canopy of the tropical rain forests; maintains a range of about 10 acres.
Size: 
Weight: 7 - 9 kg (17 to 20 lbs)
Lifespan: 
In the wild 12-16 yrs., in captivity the average is closer to 20 years (one individual lived 27 years).
Diet: 
Leaves, young shoots, flowers and fruit; on occasion sloths have been known to eat insects and other small prey. They obtain water from vegetation and by lapping dew.
Reproduction: 
A single baby is born after a gestation period of about 6 months. The young are dependent on their mothers for about one year. Females are sexually mature at about 3 yrs, males between 4-5 yrs.
Description: 
How slow is a sloth? ...so slow that meals may take a month to digest before being passed into the short intestine. The stomach is large with multiple compartments that contain bacteria to digest the cellulose of plants. It has been estimated that as much as one-third of a sloth’s weight may be its stomach contents.
Conservation Status: 
Considered stable, though loss of habitat is having an effect.
At OBC: 
Molasses “Mo” was born April, 2001and was donated to OBC by the Species Survival Center in Ann Arbor.

Printable Information: 
© 2012 Organization for Bat Conservation
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